Occasional players or regular players Conditions

1. Osteochondritis dissecans

It is a joint condition in which bone underneath the cartilage of a joint dies due to lack of blood flow. This bone and cartilage can then break loose, causing pain and possibly hindering joint motion.

Osteochondritis dissecans occurs most often in children and adolescents. It can cause symptoms either after an injury to a joint or after several months of activity, especially high-impact activity such as jumping and running, that affects the joint. The condition occurs most commonly in the knee, but also occurs in elbows, ankles and other joints.

Symptoms Depending on the joint that’s affected, signs and symptoms of osteochondritis dissecans might include:

Pain. This most common symptom of osteochondritis dissecans might be triggered by physical activity — walking up stairs, climbing a hill or playing sports.Swelling and tenderness. The skin around your joint might be swollen and tender.Joint popping or locking. Your joint might pop or stick in one position if a loose fragment gets caught between bones during movement.Joint weakness. You might feel as though your joint is “giving way” or weakening.Decreased range of motion. You might be unable to straighten the affected limb completely.

2. IT band friction syndrome

A painful condition in which connective tissue rubs against the thighbone.

Iliotibial band syndrome occurs when the connective tissue (ligament) extending from the pelvic bone to the shinbone becomes so tight that it rubs against the thighbone. Distance runners are especially susceptible to it.

The main symptom is pain between the hip and knees that worsens with activity.

Shoulder pain

It is caused by connective tissue (a tendon) rubbing on a shoulder blade. Impingement syndrome is caused by inflammation from repetitive shoulder activities. Injury and ageing are other causes. Pain may be consistent and increase with lifting or reaching movements.

People may experience:

Pain areas: in the shoulder, arm, or neck

Muscular: limited range of motion or muscle weakness.

3. SLAP tears

It happen when you tear cartilage in the inner part of your shoulder joint. The tears can be caused by injury or overuse and make it painful or difficult for you to move your shoulder and arm. Left untreated, these tears can cause chronic pain, limit how much you can use your arm and shoulder and lead to more serious shoulder problems.

Recovering from SLAP tear treatment is a marathon, not a sprint. It can take three to four months for non-surgical treatment to help relieve your pain and improve your functioning. It can take up to a year to fully recover from SLAP tear surgery


Type 1: In this type of tear, your labrum shows signs of fraying or shredding but still functions. Type 1 tears are often seen in people who are middle-aged or older.

Type 2: This is the most common SLAP tear type. In Type 2 tears, the labrum and bicep tendon are torn from the shoulder socket.

Type 3: Torn labrum tissue is caught in the shoulder joint.

Type 4: In this type, the tear that started in your labrum tears your bicep tendon

Common SLAP tear symptoms include:

-Shoulder pain that can be a persistent dull ache or a sharp pain deep in your shoulder.

-Shoulder pain in certain positions, like raising your arm or stretching your arm behind your head.

-Shoulder pain when you do certain things, like throwing a ball or reaching overhead.

-Popping noises or a grinding feeling when you move your shoulder.

-A feeling like your shoulder might pop out of your shoulder blade

4. Shin splints

Pain caused by overuse along the shinbone, the large front bone in the lower leg.

Shin splints result when muscles, tendons and bone tissue become overworked. Shin splints often occur in athletes who’ve recently intensified or changed their training routines.Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints often occur in athletes who have recently intensified or changed their training routines. The increased activity overworks the muscles, tendons and bone tissue


If you have shin splints, you might notice tenderness, soreness or pain along the inner side of your shinbone and mild swelling in your lower leg. At first, the pain might stop when you stop exercising. Eventually, however, the pain can be continuous and might progress to a stress reaction or stress fracture.

5. Hamstring injury

It occurs when you strain or pull one of your hamstring muscles — the group of three muscles that run along the back of your thigh. You may be more likely to get a hamstring injury if you play soccer, basketball, football, tennis or a similar sport that involves sprinting with sudden stops and starts. Hamstring injury can occur in runners and in dancers as well.


-A hamstring injury typically causes a sudden, sharp pain in the back of your thigh. You might also feel a “popping” or tearing sensation. Swelling and tenderness usually develop within a few hours. You may also experience muscle weakness or an inability to put weight on your injured leg.

-An inflammation of the cartilage that connects a rib to the breastbone.

-The cause usually isn’t known. In some circumstances, it develops after trauma or a muscle strain.

6. Costochondritis


Condition causing pain and tenderness on the anterior aspect of upper ribs , pain in more than one rib or pain that gets worse with deep breaths or coughing.

People may experience:

-Pain in the chest or rib

-Pain can occur while coughing


7. Riders strain

An adductor strain or injury to the adductor muscle group of the thigh is a common cause of medial leg and groin pain, especially among polo players and other atheletes.Most muscle tendon strains occur while the muscle is being forcibly stretched.