Other Ergonomics & Posture correction

Flat foot

A condition in which the entire sole of the foot touches the floor when standing. Flat feet can occur during childhood if the arches of the feet don’t develop, after an injury or from the wear and tear of ageing. Flatfeet can sometimes contribute to problems in your ankles and knees because the condition can alter the alignment of your legs. If you aren’t having pain, no treatment is usually necessary for flatfeet.


Most people with flatfeet experience foot pain, particularly in the heel or arch area. Pain may worsen with activity. Swelling along the inside of the ankle can also occur.

Genu varus/valgus/recurvatum

Pain in the hip, knee, and ankle can often be caused by bowlegs (varus deformity) or knock knees (valgus deformity). In other words, when our legs are not aligned straight at the hips, knees, and ankles, there can be an abnormal force across the knee. This often leads to pain, cosmetic deformity, and premature knee arthritis.Genu recurvatum is a term that is used when one hyperextends their knee.  Knee hyperextension can be caused by several causes.  These include muscle weakness, especially of the muscles in the top of the thigh (quadriceps), it can be due to injury, or it can occur due to the shape of one’s bones at their knee.


A forward rounding of the back.

Hunchback (kyphosis) usually refers to an abnormally curved spine. It’s most common in older women and often related to osteoporosis.Usually self-diagnosable

Some people with kyphosis have back pain and stiffness. Others have no symptoms other than an exaggerated forward rounding of the back.


It refers to an exaggerated inward curve of the spine. If it occurs in the neck, the medical name for it is cervical lordosis.Sometimes, having another type of spinal curve causes the body to develop lordosis to compensate for the existing imbalance.


The defining characteristic of lordosis is an exaggerated inward curve of the spine. Depending on the location, lordosis can cause the buttocks and the stomach area to stick out. Due to the curve in their back, a person with lordosis may find it difficult to lie flat on the floor. In many cases, lordosis alters a person’s appearance but causes no symptoms. However, severe lordosis may cause:

–back or neck pain

–pain that radiates into the legs and feet, which medical experts call sciatica

–tingling or numbness

Flatback syndrome

It occurs when the low back loses its natural curvature and becomes flat over time. With flatback syndrome there is a decreased lordosis and when this occurs the spine becomes unbalanced and the patient will start to lean forward. Patients may not notice these subtle changes at first but over time they may note difficulty with standing upright or worsening back or leg pain. Symptoms of flatback syndrome often worsen as the day goes on, as the patient tends to lean further and further forward. The severity of symptoms often depends on the amount of curvature present and associated difficulty with standing upright.


A sideways curvature of the spine.

Scoliosis occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty.Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that most often is diagnosed in adolescents. While scoliosis can occur in people with conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most childhood scoliosis is unknown.

Most cases of scoliosis are mild, but some curves worsen as children grow. Severe scoliosis can be disabling. An especially severe spinal curve can reduce the amount of space within the chest, making it difficult for the lungs to function properly

Signs and symptoms of scoliosis may include:

–Uneven shoulders

–One shoulder blade that appears more prominent than the other

–Uneven waist

–One hip higher than the other

–One side of the rib cage jutting forward

–A prominence on one side of the back when bending forward.

Cervical dystonia

It is also called spasmodic torticollis, is a painful condition in which your neck muscles contract involuntarily, causing your head to twist or turn to one side. Cervical dystonia can also cause your head to uncontrollably tilt forward or backward.

A rare disorder that can occur at any age, cervical dystonia most often occurs in middle-aged people, women more than men. Symptoms generally begin gradually and then reach a point where they don’t get substantially worse.

The muscle contractions involved in cervical dystonia can cause your head to twist in a variety of directions, including:

–Chin toward shoulder

–Ear toward shoulder

–Chin straight up

–Chin straight down